How WordPress Works Step by Step for a Beginner in 2024


WordPress is one of the most popular content management systems (CMS) globally, powering over 40% of all websites on the internet. Its flexibility, ease of use, and extensive customization options make it an ideal choice for beginners and experienced developers alike. In this guide, we will take you through the step-by-step process of how WordPress works, helping you understand the basics and get started with your own website in 2024.

What is WordPress?

wordpress for beginner

WordPress is an open-source CMS that allows you to create, manage, and publish content on the web. It started as a blogging platform but has evolved into a powerful tool for building any type of website, from personal blogs to e-commerce stores and corporate sites. There are two versions of WordPress:

  • A hosted service that handles all the technical aspects for you.
  • A self-hosted version that gives you full control over your website but requires you to manage hosting, security, and updates.

In this guide, we will focus on, which offers more flexibility and control.

Step-by-Step Guide to Using WordPress

Step 1: Choose a Domain Name and Hosting Provider

Choosing a Domain Name

Your domain name is your website’s address on the internet (e.g., Choose a name that is easy to remember, relevant to your content, and preferably includes keywords related to your niche.

Selecting a Hosting Provider

A hosting provider stores your website’s files and makes them accessible on the internet. Popular hosting providers include:

  • Bluehost
  • SiteGround
  • HostGator
  • Namecheap
  • WP Engine

When choosing a hosting provider, consider factors such as reliability, speed, customer support, and cost. Many hosting providers offer one-click WordPress installation, which simplifies the setup process.

Step 2: Install WordPress

Once you have your domain and hosting set up, you need to install WordPress. Most hosting providers offer an easy installation process. Here’s a general overview:

  1. Log in to your hosting account: Access the control panel (cPanel) or dashboard.
  2. Find the WordPress installer: Look for options like “One-Click Install” or “WordPress Install.”
  3. Run the installer: Follow the prompts to install WordPress. You’ll need to choose your domain, create an admin account, and set up your website’s basic details.

Step 3: Configure Basic Settings

After installing WordPress, you’ll need to configure some basic settings to get your site up and running.

  1. Log in to your WordPress dashboard: Access and log in with the credentials you created during installation.
  2. Set your site title and tagline: Go to Settings > General to enter your site’s title and a brief tagline.
  3. Set your permalink structure: Go to Settings > Permalinks and choose a URL structure for your posts. A common choice is “Post name” for clean, readable URLs.

Step 4: Choose and Install a Theme

A theme controls your website’s appearance and layout. WordPress offers thousands of free and premium themes.

  1. Access the theme directory: Go to Appearance > Themes > Add New.
  2. Browse or search for a theme: Use the search bar or browse categories to find a theme that suits your site’s style and purpose.
  3. Install and activate the theme: Click “Install” and then “Activate” to apply the theme to your site.

Step 5: Customize Your Theme

Most themes offer customization options that allow you to tweak your site’s appearance without writing code.

  1. Go to the Customizer: Access Appearance > Customize.
  2. Modify theme settings: Use the Customizer to change your site’s colors, fonts, header, footer, and other visual elements.
  3. Save your changes: Once you’re happy with the look of your site, click “Publish” to save your changes.

Step 6: Install Essential Plugins

Plugins add functionality to your WordPress site. There are plugins for SEO, security, contact forms, social media, and more.

  1. Access the plugin directory: Go to Plugins > Add New.
  2. Search for and install plugins: Use the search bar to find plugins, then click “Install Now” and “Activate” to enable them on your site.

Essential Plugins for Beginners:

  • Yoast SEO: Improves your site’s SEO.
  • Akismet: Protects against spam comments.
  • Contact Form 7: Creates contact forms.
  • Wordfence Security: Enhances site security.
  • UpdraftPlus: Manages backups.

Step 7: Create Content

With your site set up, it’s time to start creating content. WordPress uses two main types of content: posts and pages.

Creating Posts

Posts are used for blog entries or news updates and are displayed in reverse chronological order.

  1. Go to Posts > Add New: Enter your post title and content.
  2. Add categories and tags: Organize your posts with categories and tags.
  3. Set a featured image: Choose an image to represent your post.
  4. Publish your post: Click “Publish” to make your post live.

Creating Pages

Pages are used for static content, such as your homepage, about page, and contact page.

  1. Go to Pages > Add New: Enter your page title and content.
  2. Customize page layout: Use the Gutenberg block editor to add text, images, and other elements.
  3. Publish your page: Click “Publish” to make your page live.

Step 8: Set Up Navigation Menus

Menus help visitors navigate your site. You can create and manage menus from the WordPress dashboard.

  1. Go to Appearance > Menus: Create a new menu and add pages, posts, and custom links.
  2. Organize menu items: Drag and drop items to arrange them.
  3. Assign the menu to a location: Choose where the menu will appear on your site (e.g., primary menu, footer menu).
  4. Save your menu: Click “Save Menu” to apply your changes.

Step 9: Configure Widgets

Widgets add content and features to your site’s sidebars, footers, and other widget-ready areas.

  1. Go to Appearance > Widgets: Drag and drop widgets into your desired areas.
  2. Customize widget settings: Each widget has its own settings that you can configure.
  3. Save your changes: Once you’ve set up your widgets, they will automatically appear on your site.

Step 10: Maintain Your WordPress Site

Maintaining your WordPress site involves regular updates, backups, and security checks.

  1. Update WordPress, themes, and plugins: Keep everything up to date to ensure security and functionality.
  2. Perform regular backups: Use a plugin like UpdraftPlus to back up your site regularly.
  3. Monitor site security: Use security plugins and follow best practices to protect your site from threats.


Setting up and managing a WordPress website may seem daunting at first, but by following these steps, you can create a professional and functional site even as a beginner in 2024. WordPress offers a powerful combination of flexibility, customization, and user-friendliness, making it a top choice for building any type of website. Take your time to explore its features, experiment with themes and plugins, and continually update your content to engage your audience. With patience and practice, you’ll soon have a well-crafted website that meets your needs and goals. Happy website building!

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